Health inequalities What are health inequalities? What causes health inequalities and how can they be reduced. Data on health inequalities How health inequalities are measured and trends in health inequality. Fundamental causes The primary causes of health inequalities in Scotland - inequality in incomes, wealth and power. Place and communities How social and physical environments can impact on health. Individual experiences How a person’s experiences can impact on their health. The right to health Human rights and taking a rights based approach to equitable health improvement.