Improve policy and practice Carry out a needs assessment How to assess local health needs in order to effectively plan services. Identify effective actions How to identify what works and what doesn't work to reduce health inequalities. Identify cost effective actions How to meet demand in a cost effective way by investing in prevention. Plan the right balance of action How to balance universal provision with targeted services. Monitor progress and evaluate How to take an outcomes focussed approach to monitoring progress and assessing impact. Share knowledge, learning and expertise How to share your learning to help others plan changes in policy and practice.